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Eco Services Group
Tong Wu


Tong Wu

Degree Program: Biology
Concentration: Biology & Society
Track:Ecology, Economics, and Ethics of the Environment
Advisor: Dr. Charles Perrings

My research has focused on the intersection of environmental and socioeconomic systems.  Broadly speaking, I am interested in ecosystem services, forest management, and climate change policy, as well as the epistemological and ethical underpinnings of “sustainability.”  The geographic loci of my research have been the western United States and China.

I took my undergraduate degree at the University of California, Berkeley and my Master’s degree at Northern Arizona University.  I have worked as a policy analyst and researcher at the College of Natural Resources at UC Berkeley and the Climate Policy Institute at Tsinghua University.

If I had to provide an aperçu that encapsulates my intellectual motivation, it would be this quote from the diary of the 19th Century Italian humanist Giacomo Leopardi: “It is no more possible for man to live completely cut off from nature, which we are constantly drawing away from, than it is for a tree cut off at the root to bear flowers and fruit.”



Journal Articles

Qi, Y., H. Li, and T. Wu. Interpreting China’s carbon flows. 2013. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110: 11221-11222.

Qi, Y., T. Wu, J. He, and D. A. King. 2013. China’s Carbon Conundrum. Nature Geoscience 6:507-509.

Qi, Y. and T. Wu. 2013. The Politics of Climate Change in China. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews – Climate Change 4:301-313.

Wu, T. and Y.-S. Kim. 2013. Pricing Ecosystem Resilience in Frequent-Fire Ponderosa Pine Forests. Forest Policy and Economics 27:8-12.

Wu, T., Y.-S. Kim, and M. D. Hurteau. 2011. Investing in natural capital: using economic incentives to overcome barriers to forest restoration. Restoration Ecology 19:441-445.

Wu, T., M. A. Petriello, and Y.-S. Kim. 2011. Shifting baseline syndrome as a barrier to ecological restoration in the American Southwest. Ecological Restoration 29: 213-215.

Wu, T. 2011. (Correspondence) China’s green policy has some way to go. Nature 472:38.

Wu, T. and M. A. Petriello. 2011. (Letter) Culture and biodiversity losses linked. Science 331:30.

Wu, T. and Y.-S. Kim. 2009. (Letter) Environmental markets: concentrate on criteria. Science 326:1060.

Wu, T. 2009. Integrating biodiversity conservation with poverty reduction: a socioeconomic perspective. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 90:80-86.

Book Chapters

He, J., Qi, Y., and T. Wu. 2013. Sustainable Development: Challenges, Opportunities, and Implications for Sino-U.S. Cooperation. US-China 2022: Economic Relations in the Next 10 Years. 

Wu, J. and T. Wu. 2013. Ecological resilience as a foundation for urban design and sustainability. in S. T. A. Pickett, M. L. Cadenasso, B. P. McGrath, and K. Hill, editors. Resilience in Urban Ecology and Design: Linking Theory and Practice for Sustainable Cities. Springer.

Wu, J. and T. Wu. 2012. Sustainability indicators and indices. In: Christian N. Madu and C. Kuei (eds), Handbook of Sustainable Management. Imperial College Press, London, pp. 65-86.

Wu, J. and T. Wu. 2010. Green GDP. Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability, Vol. II -The Business of Sustainability. Berkshire Publishing, Great Barrington, MA, pp. 248-250.


Wu, T. 2013. China can teach the West about tackling climate change. The Conversation

Wu, T. 2011. Why four economies will shape the future of the biosphere. The Diplomat

Wu, T. 2011. How to stimulate economy while curbing wildfires. CNN Fareed Zakaria GPS Blog

Wu, T. 2010. China’s Desertification Crisis. Asia Times Online

Wu, T. 2003. Three Gorges Dam: The Price of Progress. Asia Times Online



“China’s Inalienable Role in Achieving Global Sustainability.” International Youth Summit on Energy and Climate Change, Peking University, July 13, 3013, Beijing, China.

“The Economics of Forest Management: Resilience, Natural Capital, and a Case Study from the American West.” 2012 International Conference on Energy and Environmental Protection, June 24, 2012, Hohhot, China.

“Restoration, Resilience, and the Provisioning of Forest Ecosystem Services.” A Community on Ecosystem Services Conference, Dec. 9, 2010, Phoenix, AZ.

“Sustainable Management of Forest Capital: Welfare, Resilience, and Ecosystem Valuation.” School of Forestry, Northern Arizona University, June 22, 2009, Flagstaff, AZ.